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Kremlin
and Red Square

Alexander Garden and Manege Square
Alexander Garden and Manege Square are two symbolic places near the Kremlin walls, highly popular both among residents and tourists as areas for promenading. They hold memories of war victories, emperors, outstanding military commanders and heroes.
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Church of the twelve apostles and the Patriarch's palace
This unique example of mid-17th century Moscow architecture located in the very centre of the Russian capital on the Kremlin’s grounds. It's a three-storey building designed as a single architectural complex that united the Patriarch’s Palace and the church.
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MOSCOW KREMLIN WALLS AND TOWERS
Steeple-roofed towers of the Moscow Kremlin and its walls with swallow-tailed crenellations are irreplaceable elements of the metropolis panorama. The fortifications were constructed in the 15th century by Italian architects to protect the city from enemies.
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Walls of Kitay-Gorod
The Kitay-Gorod wall is the most famous monument of the medieval Russian fortification. It had 2 567 m in length, 9 m in height, 6 m in width. The Kitay-Gorod defensive wall was built in 1535-1538 according to the latest military engineering art.
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Manege: Architecture
Moscow Manege it is a historic building in Empire style that was constructed in1817 in honour of the victory against Napoleonic France. Now the complex serves for large-scale cultural projects, hosting exhibitions of contemporary art and photography.
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State Historical Museum: Architecture
The building of the State Historical Museum is one of the 19th century Russian landmarks and a unique example of the way the national architectural traditions are followed. Each room is a small masterpiece created with participation of outstanding artists.
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Ivan the Great Bell Tower
For many centuries, the Ivan the Great Bell Tower situated in the Kremlin’s Cathedral Square remained the tallest landmark in Moscow. The Bell Tower took its definite shape in the early 17th century during the reign of Boris Godunov. Its height is up to 81 m.
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Cathedral of the Archangel
The Cathedral of the Archangel of the Moscow Kremlin was built in the 16th century and dedicated to the Archangel Michael. It was the main necropolis of the grand princes of Moscow. Ivan Kalita, Dmitry Donskoy, Ivan the Terrible and Michael I are buried here.
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Chambers of the Romanov Boyars: Architecture
This is a true Russian mansion – a luxurious house in the centre of a former medieval aristocrat’s estate located only a few hundred metres away from Red Square and the Kremlin in the historical district called Kitai-Gorod.
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Old English Court: Architecture
The Chambers of the Old English Court are a unique architectural landmark in Moscow. This is one of the oldest examples of civic architecture dating back to the 15–early 16th centuries. It was Ivan the Terrible who passed them to English merchants.
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Grand Kremlin Palace
The Grand Kremlin Palace is a unique architectural ensemble and a landmark museum in Moscow. It used to serve as the residential chambers of emperors and members of their families, and today it has the status of the grand residence of the President of Russia.
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Kitay-Gorod
Kitay-gorod, also referred to as the Great Possad, is an area of Moscow located east of the Kremlin. This is where the earliest streets of Moscow are preserved, as well as numerous unique monuments of architecture, and an active government district.
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Kremlin Armoury Museum
The Armoury Chamber of the Kremlin in Moscow is an amazing treasure house museum. The museum collection is made up of unique items, which were preserved in the royal treasury and in the Patriarch’s sacristy. These include personal belongings of Russian tsars.
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Kazan Cathedral in Moscow
Kazan Cathedral stands where Moscow Red Square meets Nikolskaya Street, next to the Historical Museum and the GUM. The moment you see it, your imagination carries you away, deep into the mystery of ancient Moscow the way it was in the last part of the Middle Ages.
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Pashkov House
Just opposite the Borovitskaya Tower of the Kremlin, in the capital of Russia is one of Moscow’s most beautiful mansions, Pashkov House built in 1786. This building is one of the most significant architectural landmarks of the 18th century and the epoch of classicism.
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The Kremlin and Its History
The Kremlin is one of the most important examples of Russian architecture and Europe’s largest fortress. For years, the complex grew larger every time it was reconstructed until it reached its current size in the 15th century, during the reign of Ivan III.
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Cathedral of the Annunciation
Cathedral of the Annunciation was originally designed as a house church for Russian tsars in the Kremlin. Here, Russian tsars were married and baptized. Nowadays, this temple is a perfectly preserved monument of architecture and church decor of the 16th century.
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The Diamond Fund Museum in Moscow
In the Moscow Kremlin there is a special place known as Diamond Fund. There are natural diamonds and nuggets, as well as strikingly beautiful jewellery from various historic periods, of which the Imperial Crown of Russia is considered to be the gem.
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Church of the Deposition of the Robe
The Church of the Deposition of the Robe is situated behind the Dormition Cathedral of the Kremlin in Moscow. Its 17th-century interior successfully combines architectural design, mural paintings and iconography, notable for its stunning unity of style.
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Tsar Bell and Tsar Cannon
The Tsar Cannon and The Tsar Bell are rather remarkable exhibits of the Kremlin. Both of them are located near the Ivan the Great Bell Tower and immediately attract visitors’ attention. The Tsar Bell weights about 200 tons and the Tsar Cannon weights 40.
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Monument to Minin and Pozharsky
The Monument to Minin and Pozharsky, two national heroes-liberators, is one of Moscow's best known monuments and perhaps the most symbolic one. The monument to a prince and a commoner was paid for with people’s donations. It is located on Red Square of Moscow.
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State Department Store (GUM): Architecture
The State Department Store (GUM) is the best-known shopping centre in Russia, and it has been an integral part of the architectural ensemble of Red Square in Moscow for over a century. It houses about a hundred premium class stores, cafes, and restaurants.
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Museum of the Patriotic War of 1812: Architecture
The Museum of the Patriotic War of 1812 is located in one of the central squares of Moscow, Revolution Square. It was built in the “Neo-Russian” style for the City Duma and afterwards reconstructed for the modern museum to architect P. Andreev’s design.
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Resurrection Gate and Iveron Chaple
The Resurrection Gate arch, that leads to Moscow Red Square, establishes a visual link between the State Historical Museum and the Museum of the War of 1812, while the small chapel by the gate houses one of the most venerated icons - the Iveron Icon of the Mother of God.
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Red Square and Its History
Red Square is the heart of Moscow and the main square of Russia. Its monuments embody Moscow’s centuries-old history in all of its manifestations. Few squares in the world combine churches, defensive walls, towers and museums in a single space.
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Lenin’s Mausoleum
It seems like there no other reminder of the Soviet era is more distinctive than the building of the Mausoleum. The embalmed body of Vladimir Lenin, the main organiser and leader of the 1917 October Revolution, rests here, at Red Square in the Kremlin.
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Dormition Cathedral in Moscow
The Dormition Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin was a key Orthodox cathedral of the Russian state in the 15th–19th c. It is where all the emperors of the Romanov dynasty were coronated. The cathedral was the burial place for Moscow Metropolitans and Patriarchs.
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Saint Basil's Cathedral in the Moscow Red Square
The Cathedral of Saint Basil dates back to the 16th century and the era of Ivan the Terrible. It is the most famous symbol of medieval Russian architecture. This ornate church building occupies the vast expanse of Red Square in Moscow.
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