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Cathedral of the Annunciation

Cathedral of the Annunciation

1012_image2_sCompared to the Ivan the Great Bell TowerRussian: kolokol'nya Ivana Velikogo or колокольня Ивана Великого reaching for the sky, and the imposing Dormition CathedralRussian: Uspenskiy sobor or Успенский собор, the smallish, airy white-and-gold Cathedral of the AnnunciationRussian: Blagoveschenskiy sobor or Благовещенский собор does not convey any particular impression of grandeur and significance. Instead, its atmosphere is rather cozy and warm, almost home-like. This cathedral was originally designed as the main  church for Russian tsars and their families. Here, Russian tsars were married and baptized, and here they went to confession. Nowadays, this temple is a perfectly preserved monument of architecture and church decor of the 16th century. Its iconostasis is considered one of the oldest in Russia: some icons date back to the 16th century. Also, the basement floor of the Annunciation Cathedral houses an exhibition entitled ‘Treasures and Antiquities of the Moscow KremlinRussian: Klady i drevnosti Moskovskogo Kremlya or Клады и древности Московского Кремля’. It features more than 1,500 items dating from the 12th to the 17th centuries, discovered during excavations at the Kremlin; items on display include sculptures, ceramics, jewelry, weapons and domestic implements.

The current church is the third one to be built on this site. The previous two churches served the same purpose – all of them were intended as a place of private prayer for the royalty. In the 15th century the Cathedral represented a more open structure, but, after burning down during the 1547 fire, it underwent a reconstruction that made it look the way it does today. The architects of the Annunciation Cathedral followed the old Moscow traditions of church building while simultaneously adopting some of the features of the already existing Dormition Cathedral, constructed by an Italian architect. The Cathedral of the Annunciation has a more detailed exterior decoration with an abundance of keel-shaped zakomarasarch-like semicircular tops of the church wall, oriental floral ornaments and other elements; yet, similarly to the Dormition Cathedral, its main motif remains to be the band of external blind arcading.

If the Russian history is a subject of your interest and you want to know, for example, what is the oldest church in Moscow, what are the famous monasteries around Moscow, which style of Moscow architecture you can see only in this town, you can read about it on our website pages “Kremlin and Red square” and “History and Architecture”.

The iconostasis of the Annunciation CathedralThe Cathedral of the Annunciation is essentially made up of five smaller churches interconnected with a gallery. The inner area of the actual church isn’t very large: in fact, prayer only takes place in the central part of the Cathedral, which is crowned with five elegant-looking onion domes. The rest comprises of the gallery that goes around the church, which currently serves as an area for exhibitions. This gallery was glazed in the 16th century, sealing the formerly open-air passages. The sealing of the galleries with glass is what made it possible for us today to enjoy the extremely well-preserved fretted arcades – another characteristic feature of Moscow architecture. Four smaller domed structures, one on each corner of the Cathedral are only there for decorative purposes, giving the whole ensemble a lighter, more festive appearance.

There is a legend that the appearance of the covered gallery of the cathedral is connected with Tsar Ivan the Terriblereigned from 1533 to 1584. After the Tsar violated the church rules by getting married for the fourth time, he was forbidden to attend general worship at the church. So, he a covered gallery to be built so that he could visit his favorite church! According to another legend, from the porch of this gallery, he saw a comet, which he considered as the harbinger of his imminent death in 1584. This porch is called Groznenskyafter Ivan the Terrible or Ivan Groznyiy in Russian now.

One of the showcases of the Exposition «Treasures and Antiquities of the Moscow Kremlin»On the inside, the church has a number of partially extant wall paintings made by Theodosius, the son of the renowned iconographer Dionisiuswas acknowledged as a head of the Moscow school of icon painters at the turn of the 15th and 16th centuries. Yet, most of its wall paintings were created by less prominent painters. The paintings of the porch are very unusual: they depict ancient Greek philosophers – Aristotle, Plato, Socrates, Thucydides, and there are even images of the ancient Roman prophetesses Sibylles. There are scrolls with quotations in the hands of the wise men, which resemble Christian commandments. For example, on Socrates’ inscription we can read: “No evil will befall a good man,” on Plato’s one: “It is to be hoped that God Himself will send down the heavenly teacher and mentor to the people.”

The south side-chapel has a reliquary which was created in the 19th century to hold relics collected over the course of the 16th and the 17th centuries. Since 1993, the church has renewed divine services for the patronal feast of the Annunciation, which is performed by the Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia.

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total number of grades: 1, average rating: 5.00 (from 5)
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Location

Within Garden Ring

Nearest Metro Station

Okhotny Ryad, Teatralnaya, Alexandrovsky Sad

Address

Cathedral Square, Kremlin, Moscow

Website

http://annunciation-cathedral.kreml.ru

Museum Opening Hours / Ticket Office Opening Hours

Working days: Mo, Tu, We, Fr, Sa, Su
In summer (from May 15 to September 30): 10 a.m. - 6 p.m.
Ticket office: 9 a.m. - 5 p.m.
In winter (from September 30 to May 15): 10 a.m. - 5 p.m.
Ticket office: 9.30 a.m. - 4.30 p.m.

Days off

Thursday

Ticket Price

From 250 to 500 rubles depending on visitor category and programme of visits.
Photo and video filming is included in the ticket price (allowed outside the building). The ticket price includes a visit to the entire architectural ensemble of the Cathedral Square, except for the ascent to the Ivan the Great Bell Tower.

Visiting Rules

There are no special demands for tourists in Museums of the Kremlin, but when visiting churches, one should remember the Orthodox tradition and to avoid wearing very revealing clothes.

Additional Information

Guided tours in Russian, English, German, French, Spanish and Italian languages are held. There is an opportunity to buy tickets online.

Gallery

Cathedral of the Annunciation. Photo: Shutterstock.com
Cathedral of the Annunciation. A sacred procession
Inside the Cathedral of the Annunciation
Cathedral of the Annunciation. 1900-1910
Cathedral of the Annunciation today
Cathedral of the Annunciation. Iconostasis
Aerial view of the Cathedral of the Annunciation and the Cathedral of the Archangel
Cathedral of the Annunciation. Iconostasis
Cathedral of the Annunciation. View from the east
Cathedral of the Annunciation. View from the south
Cathedral. West Porch
The Cathedral's dome. Detail

Featured reviews

Visitor rating:   4.5

August 2016
The cathedral consists of several parts. There is great energy in the old and main part of the Cathedral, there are many strong icons as well as holy relics in next hall attached. On some days great energy and even the smell of roses come from the holy relics. It's a very nice Cathedral, I recommend to visit it. Also visit a museum of what was found from digs of the basement!

April 2016
In general, this cathedral didn't impress, but it was interesting. The Cathedral of the Annunciation is very small inside, here in accordance with its purpose you can see many historical icons. Separately, I can recommend a high-quality though small exposition "Treasures and antiquities of the Moscow Kremlin", located here in the basement and having a separate entrance.

December 2014
The temple is full of its own ambiance. It's better to visit it from early morning or at the end, because the rest of the time there are a lot of people. This is rather a tourist stronghold than a place of worship.

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