Share
Search

Church of the twelve apostles and the Patriarch’s palace

Church of the twelve apostles and the Patriarch’s palace

This unique example of mid-17th century Moscow architecture located in the very centre of the Russian capital on the grounds of the Kremlin is an impressive three-storey building designed as a single architectural complex intended to unite the Patriarch’s PalaceRussian: Patriarshi palaty or Патриаршьи палаты and the church. It is in excellent condition, with the interior having been completely restored and painted in keeping with the style of the 17th-century, and the original decor having been preserved in places. It now accommodates a museum of 17th-century Russian applied artsRussian: Muzey prikladnogo iskusstva i byta Rossii XVII v. or Музей прикладного искусства и быта России XVII в..

Patriarch Nikonknown for introducing many reforms which eventually led to a lasting schism known as Raskol in the Russian Orthodox Church organised for this residence to be built between 1652 and 1656, along with the chapel. Subsequently, they were rebuilt on several occasions, in keeping with their original design. Subsequent modifications turned them into a complex architectural area combining elements from different periods and styles to produce a harmonious composition.

If the Russian history is a subject of your interest and you want to know, for example, what is the oldest church in Moscow, what are the famous monasteries around Moscow, which style of Moscow architecture you can see only in this town, you can read about it on our website pages about the Kremlin and Red square and “History and Architecture”.

Chrism chamber

51_image3_sThe first floor was mostly used for housekeeping purposes, while the second accommodated the ceremonial chambers. The Patriarch’s private quarters were located on the third floor. The main hall on the second floor, known as the CrossRussian: Krestovaya or Крестовая, or Chrism ChamberRussian: Mirovarennaya palata or Мироваренная палата, served as the Patriarch’s reception hall, which hosted feasts in honour of the tsar, as well as important State guests, church councils and trials. Every few years, the chism was prepared (chism is a special holy oil used in the Orthodox Church religious services). The large, well-preserved 18th-century furnace designed for this purpose is in the form of a cross and features marble tiles and golden canopies dating back to the 19th century. Kad’Russian: кадь (a silver receptacle used to cool holy oil) and alavastersRussian: алавастр (containers for storing it) have also been well preserved.

This 280-square-metre chamber covered with a huge cloistered vault without abutments was a very ambitious architectural project from the technological perspective. Prior to its construction, large vaulted halls had at least one pillar in the centre (as is the case in the Palace of FacetsRussian: Granovitaya palata or Грановитая палата, for example). Ironically, it was here that Patriarch Nikon, who initiated the construction of this architectural area, was defrocked.

Church of the twelve ApostlesRussian: Tserkov 12 apostolov or Церковь 12 апостолов

50_image2_sIt was built as the patriarch’s private church, highlighting the Byzantine tradition of five cross-domed churches. The exterior walls are decorated with belts of columned arches which are also visible on the walls of the palace, visually combining the buildings into one ensemble. The church’s basement has two arches which allow passage to the patriarch’s courtyard. Interestingly, the south wall of the church features an entry portal, inaccessible today, since the church has no parvis, and no stairs lead up to it. A door suggests, however, that there once was an open arcade going round the church. The intricacies of 17th-century frescos have survived in the church’s interior, in particular, inside the dome drums, as well as a carved iconostasis brought from the Voznesensky MonasteryRussian: Voznesenskiy monastyr or Вознесенский монастырь dating back to the same period.

Today, the Patriarch’s Palace and the church accommodates the museum of 17th-century Russian applied arts. Many pieces of art by both Russian and foreign artists are on display here, including icons, decorations, books, embroidery and watches. Some icons were painted by Simon Ushakov, one of the most renowned Russian icon painters of the 17th century.

View of the temple from the east side

© 2016-2018 moscovery.com
How interesting and useful was this article for you?
12345
total number of grades: 6, average rating: 4.50 (from 5)
Open the map in new window
×
Location

Within Garden Ring

Nearest Metro Station

Teatralnaya, Okhotny Ryad, Aleksandrovsky Sad

Address

Cathedral Square, Kremlin, Moscow

Website

http://patriarchs-palace.kreml.ru/

Museum Opening Hours / Ticket Office Opening Hours

Working days: Mo, Tu, We, Fr, Sa, Su
In summertime (from May 15 to September 30): from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. Ticket office: from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.
In wintertime (from September 30 to May 15): from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Ticket office: from 9.30 a.m. to 4.30 p.m.

Days off

Thursday

Ticket Price

From 250 to 500 rubles depending on visitor category and programme of visits.
Photo and video filming is included in the ticket price (allowed outside the building). The ticket price includes a visit to the entire architectural ensemble of the Cathedral Square, except for the ascent to the Ivan the Great Bell Tower.

Visiting Rules

There are no special demands for tourists in Museums of the Kremlin, but when visiting churches, one should remember the Orthodox tradition and to avoid wearing very revealing clothes.

Additional Information

Guided tours are held in Russian, English, German, French, Spanish and Italian languages. There is an opportunity to buy tickets online.

Gallery

Patriarch Nikon
Old Church of the Twelve Apostles
Part of the church exhibition
Trial of Patriarch Nikon in the Chamber of the Chism
Residential quarters, an exhibition
Church viewed from the east

Featured reviews

Visitor rating:   4.5

April 2016
Generally, I liked it, we went over through several halls. The Church of the Twelve Apostles, as though built into the Patriarch's Palace, is a home church of the Russian patriarchs. The Patriarch's Palace is a small museum where 17th-century interiors (living apartments, office) were reconstructed in several rooms. Also, there is a large hall (the ceremonial Chamber of the Chrism) with various items made by Russian and foreign masters and used by patriarchs (personal possesions, dishware, watches, ceremonial vestments, books, icons, etc.), including a section dedicated to preparation of chrism in furnace. I didn't know much about this process, it was interesting. Entrance is by a single ticket, viewing takes about 30 minutes.

March 2015
It is located on the territory of the Kremlin. I like the incredibly beautiful domes and the ancient architecture of the Church of the Twelve Apostles. You can look at this magnificence endlessly. It's particularly beautiful inside.

March 2015
The place is fantastically interesting and attractive. Not as popular as other cultural sites in the Kremlin, but equally significant and certainly interesting. A wonderful exposition will hardly leave anybody cold.

Similar places

Левая стрелка Правая стрелка

Interesting places nearby

Click to Show Map