Red Square abounds in historical sights, including the Moscow Kremlin .
St. Basil’s Cathedral
On the opposite side from the Kremlin there is 16th-century St. Basil’s Cathedral, one of Moscow’s largest functioning churches. The Red Square ensemble also comprises museums devoted to the history of the Russian Orthodox Church.
GUM on the Red Square
The Monument to Minin and Pozharsky stands in front of the Cathedral and, to the left, you will see the 19th-century GUM building.
The Historical Museum is a large red brick building hosting a fascinating collection of over 5,000,000 exhibits illustrative of Russian history, culture, economy and politics from prehistoric times to the present day.
To the north of Red Square stands the one-domed Kazan Cathedral, completely reconstructed in the 1990s
Mint on the Red Square
A museum of the Patriotic War 1812
Opposite the Historical Museum stands a two-storey building dating back to 1830s. It is now part of the Historical Museum, the Museum of the Patriotic War 1812.
After touring Red Square, have a stroll along the Kremlin Embankment – the first stone embankment in Moscow, built in the late 18th century and faced with granite slabs in 1936. The Embankment gives a stunning view of Red Square and the Vasilyevsky Spusk Square.
Check out the 200-year old Alexander Garden, located between the Kremlin Embankment and Red Square. The Alexander Garden has maintained its original layout designed in the early 19th century by Osip Bove.
The Bolshoi Theatre is a stone’s throw from Red Square. You may not be lucky enough to buy tickets to a performance, but you can still enjoy the building from the outside!
Adjacent to the Bolshoi Theatre are the Maly Theatre and the Russian Academic Youth Theatre.
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