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Manege: Architecture

Manege: Architecture

The Moscow ManegeRussian: Манеж has an incredibly rich history. This is a historic building constructed in 1817 in honour of the fifth anniversary of the Russian victory against Napoleonic France in the War of 1812. Nowadays, it serves as a site for large-scale cultural projects, as well as hosting exhibitions of contemporary art and photography.

History of Manege construction

Манеж веснойManege is located in downtown Moscow, near the Kremlin, in Manezhnaya squareRussian: Manezhnaya ploschad or Манежная площадь. Manege was designed by Agustín Betancourt, however, its exterior was decorated only in the 1820s by one of the most famous architects of the time – Joseph Bovéan Italian-Russian neoclassical architect who supervised reconstruction of Moscow after the Fire of 1812. This building is among the finest architectural examples of the Russian Empire style which became widespread during the ruling years of Emperor Alexander Ireigned as Emperor of Russia from 1801 to 1825 after the victory in the War of 1812.

Originally, this long one-story building with its enlarged proportions was intended for horse training and military drills – this explains why Manege was designed from the start to be a completely open space. Another interesting fact is that, for the first time in the history of Russian architecture, a suspended ceiling was used to conceal the structure of the roof. The external decoration of Manege is a prime example of late classicism (or empire style) in Russia. This style includes clear and concise forms, recurring blind arcading motifs, massive blank pediments on either end and limited use of decorative elements. Initially, the main entrance was located on the side that faces the Kutafya TowerRussian: Kutafya bashnya or Кутафья башня – we no longer use this entrance today.

1785_image4_sBefore the War of 1812, the site where Manege currently stands was occupied by erratically arranged merchant shops, an arrangement which dated back to medieval times. Manege partly owes its existence to the 1812 Fire which razed through the area and cleared a large space. The building incorporates a particularly interesting engineering solution – it is built without internal supports, with 45 metres of rafters which rest only on the outer walls. Manege has long been internationally recognised for its uniqueness. It also has its share of legends – people say that at the beginning of the 19th century, the floor of its attic was covered with a thick layer of tobacco. This was a method of protecting the wooden structures from rodents and insects, and the story goes that all of this very tobacco got smoked by revolutionary soldiers after the October Revolutiona revolution in Russia led by the Bolsheviks with Vladimir Lenin as a leader that was instrumental in the larger Russian Revolution of 1917. Some versions of the tale say that this smoking occurred during the Great Patriotic WarWorld War II – of course, neither of these versions are confirmed.

However, because of its unique design and the speed of its construction, the building had to undergo periodical renovations: first its wooden supports cracked; then, the rafters sagged, necessitating the roof to be re-done; finally, a rotunda was added on the side facing Alexander GardenRussian: Aleksandrovskiy sad or Александровский сад, though it was later dismantled during the Soviet era.
The purpose of the building has also changed over time. It was once a place where cavalrymen trained their horses, then it housed the royal stables, and since 1831, the building has been regularly holding concerts and exhibitions.

If the Russian history is a subject of your interest and you want to know, for example, what is the oldest church in Moscow, what are the famous monasteries around Moscow, which style of Moscow architecture you can see only in this town, you can read on our website pages about The Kremlin palace and “History and Architecture”.

Contemporary histrory of Manege

The main exhibition spaceThe Soviet years weren’t the best time for Manege. As it was used as a garage for government vehicles, it was slowly deteriorating, with local fires breaking out here and there. Then, in 1941, it was hit by a German bomb, although the damage it suffered was relatively minor. In the postwar years, Manege underwent restoration work and structural modifications, but it was only fully brought back to life after Stalin’s death in 1957. It was at this time that the Manege became the central exhibition hall of the capital. It was here, for example, that the famous exhibition ‘30 Years of the Moscow Artists UnionRussian: 30 let MOSKh or 30 лет МОСХ’ was staged. In it, Khrushchev criticised avant-garde artists and this was followed by a nationwide campaign against formalism and abstraction.

The modern Manege is a virtually brand-new structure built almost from scratch after a serious fire in 2004. The building was badly damaged and many of the artworks exhibited inside were destroyed; in fact, there was nothing left of the Mangege except its walls. The interior and some details of the facades were replaced. Structural changes were made to the building as well, including installation of escalators and an open ceiling, organisation of underground parking, etc. Many experts hold a negative attitude towards this restoration, believing that it has distorted the original design of this building. Nonetheless, Manege is now one of the best exhibition spaces in the city. It incorporates the latest technology and provides all the necessary facilities for visitors to enjoy themselves.

 

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total number of grades: 6, average rating: 4.33 (from 5)
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Location

Within Garden Ring

Nearest Metro Station

Okhotny Ryad, Biblioteka IM. Lenina, Aleksandrovsky Sad

Address

1 Manezhnaya Square, Moscow

Website

http://moscowmanege.ru

Museum Opening Hours / Ticket Office Opening Hours

Tu: 12 p.m. - 10 p.m.
We: 12 p.m. - 10 p.m.
Th: 12 p.m. - 10 p.m.
Fr: 12 p.m. - 10 p.m.
Sa: 12 p.m. - 10 p.m.
Su: 12 p.m. - 10 p.m.

Days off

Monday

Ticket Price

Sightseeing fee is 50 rubles.

Visiting Rules

Standard.

Additional Information

Tickets can be purchased online.

Gallery

A staircase in the Manezh. Photo: Shutterstock. com
The Manege. First tier
General view of the Manege
A fire in the Manege. March 2004
Central Exhibition Hall viewed from the Manege Square
Artist Eric Bulatov attending his exhibition in the Central Manezh. 2014
Old Troitsky Gate and the Manege
A plan, section drawing and perspective projection of the Manege's interior
Osip Bove
Nikita Khrushchev
Napoleon Bonaparte
The Manege in spring
The Manege in Soviet times
Entrance to the Central Exhibition Hall
The Manege
Augustin Betancourt
Main exhibition space
Left Right

Featured reviews

Visitor rating:   4.5

May 2017
There is well organized exhibition space, convenient and comprehensible. There is a place where you can get a snack. BUT! Read carefully an information about exhibitions, look photos from there, often that's nothing.

March 2017
The building is built in pseudo-Russian style, it is squat, quite large. It functions as exhibition space for already 60 years. This year the building celebrated its 200th anniversary. Initially, there was military drill training and after the revolution Moscow officials parked their cars here. Now it is modern and interactive inside. Comfortable conditions for hosting exhibitions, fairs, concerts and other events have been created.

December 2016
All the exhibitions in the Manezh Central Exhibition Hall are always organized at the highest level. They are informative and interesting. This impression is created by the grandiose interiors of the Manezh, where you go looking forward to meet something beautiful and important!

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