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Russian Navy history museum

Russian Navy history museum

This is a fascinating museum which contains one of the world’s biggest submarines. It is located in north-west Moscow. If you pick a warm day to visit, you can explore the museum and stroll along the shadowy walkways of the park, which has a playground and a café at the bottom. On the way to the museum, you will find an air assault hovercraft, the ground-effect craft ‘Orlyunok’, as well as a submarine. These former fighting units are located along the Khimki reservoir embankment (Russian: Khimkinskaya naberezhnaya or Химкинская набережная). The ground-effect craft is a real flying ship which can take off and land with any sea disturbance. Unlike hydroplanes, ground-effect crafts can fly at low altitudes not only above the water, but also above the ice, tundra, and wetlands. Using the virtual flight simulation unit in the museum, you can imagine yourself to be a passenger on these planes.

The main exhibit of the Russian Navy History Museum is the diesel-electric ocean submarine, B-396. The vessel is one of the biggest submarines in the world. Its length from stern to bow is 90 metres, which is almost the length of a football field. It is 8 metres wide and 14 metres high (the height of a 5-storey block of flats). According to the NATO classification, the boat bears the name «Tango klass» and the Russian cipher code is “Som” (Catfish). This second generation submarine (we are currently producing 4th generation) was launched in 1980 and used by the Russian Navy for 18 years, fulfilling combat missions in the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, protecting the frontier in the Barents Sea and the Norwegian Sea.

On average it takes 10-15 minutes to look around the submarine although its display is rather small. Viewing the submarine starts with the bow, the torpedo room with 8-metre self-guided torpedoes (they are real but do not contain warheads). There were 24 torpedoes in total when the submarine was on duty. Between them are two-tiered beds for sleeping 14 people. At this point, you truly understand how cramped a submarine is. 70% of the equipment originally inside the submarine was removed so that it could be converted into a museum display; otherwise, guided tours would not be feasible.

The submarine has seven water-tight compartments in total. In the course of making it suitable for the museum, widened arched passages were made instead of the original manholes. These allow visitors to not have to stoop down while walking around. However, one of the manholes is still there, in case you want to get a feel for what it’s like to be a naval officer on one of these submarines.

From the torpedo room, visitors see the overhead personnel’s compartment with the captain and the officer cabins (two people per cabin). Next goes the central control room, the think tank of a submarine. Here, you can see the ceiling all around the boat, while in the central control room it is covered in wires. This small section illustrates the way the submarine used to look – wrapped in wires all around. You can see the captain’s, boatswain’s, navigator’s, soundmens’, and mechanic’s work places as well. A constant temperature of 31 degrees above zero was kept in all the compartments of the submarine. For this reason, all were dressed in cotton clothes. The roofs are never high, and all people admitted to the submarine corps had to be below 170 cm tall.

The display dedicated to the history of the Russian Navy is located in a free-standing two-storey building. Tickets are available in the same building. Right next to the building, there is a stall with numerous maritime souvenirs which are a rare thing in ordinary tourist shops. The display tells the story of well-known Russian naval commanders and the stages of formation of the navy. Outside, there are plaques dedicated to the mariners’ participation in Second World War.

Tours are available; these include details of the submarine history and its performance. However, these are a little on the long side for children under the age of about 8. Children under 6 are not admitted to any tours around the submarine’s upper deck.

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Location

Between Third Ring Road and Moscow Ring Road

Nearest Metro Station

Shodnenskaya

Address

Moscow, Svobody street, 56

Website

http://mosparks.ru/museum/about/istoriya-parka/

Museum Opening Hours / Ticket Office Opening Hours

Tue 11:00 - 19:00
Wed 11:00 - 19:00
Thu * 1 pm - 9 pm
Fri 11:00 - 19:00
Sat 11:00 - 19:00
Su 11:00 - 19:00
* except last Thursday of the month

Days off

Понедельник, последний четверг месяца.

Ticket Price

From 300 rubles to 450 rubles, depending on the visit program. Children under 6 years inclusive are free of charge, over 6 years old - 150 rubles.

Visiting Rules

On an excursion to the upper deck, children aged from 7 to 15 years are allowed, accompanied by adults.

Additional Information

The period of excursions on the upper deck is from April 1 to October 1 (only under favorable weather conditions).

Gallery

Orlyonok (Eaglet) airfoil boat
Information stands relating the history of the Russian Navy
Submarine. Photo by M. Ulanova
Engine compartment. Photo: M. Ulanova
Inside the Russian Navy Museum. Photo: M. Ulanova
Russian Navy Museum. Sea-themed souvenir shop. Photo: M. Ulanova
Submarine propeller shaft. Photo: M. Ulanova
Northern River Port seen from the Northern Tushino Park Embankment. Photo: M. Ulanova
Khimki Reservoir seen from the embankment. Photo: M. Ulanova
Open-air exhibition seen from the entrance to the park. Photo: M. Ulanova
Fourth battery compartment. Exhibition. Photo: M. Ulanova
Second compartment
First torpedo compartment. Photo: M. Ulanova

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