The funds and permanent exhibitions of the State Central Museum of Contemporary Russian HistoryRussian: Gosudarstvennyi tsentralnyi muzey sovremennoy istorii Rossii or Государственный центральный музей современной истории России feature historical monuments from several centuries, from the 12th century until recent times. The regularly updated museum collection reflects the key changes in the country’s social life.
The State Museum of Contemporary Russian History is one of the oldest museums in Moscow. It is located in an ancient building in Tverskaya StreetRussian: Tverskaya ulitsa, or Тверская улица 5,000 sq m is used for its permanent exhibition and 1,000 sq m to host temporary exhibitions. There are over 30 themed exhibition rooms. The unique collections of colors, Soviet porcelain, posters, rare negatives, photos and precious metals as well as original historic paintings by famous artists are amongst the most valuable exhibits.
The late-classicist mansion housing the Museum of Contemporary History of Russia was built in 1780 by Lev Razumovsky and acquired two side wings in 1811. It was home to the aristocratic English ClubRussian: Angliyskiy klub or Английский клуб in 1831 and was frequented by Alexander Pushkin, Lev Tolstoy, Ivan KrylovRussia's best known fabulist, and many other prominent people. Immediately after the October Revolution of 1917, a museum of revolution was opened in the building. The first exhibition, called Red MoscowRussian: Krasnaya Moskva or Красная Москва, opened in 1922. The collection grew rapidly, but at the expense of exhibits related first to socialist construction, then to the Great Patriotic WarWorld War II, then the rebuilding of the country, etc.
The museum has operated as a multifunctional complex since 2015, when the ancient mansion underwent renovations. The museum houses the XXI Tverskaya St Discussion Platform, a virtual museum, a lecture hall and a cinema, publishes its own magazine, and holds conferences and seminars for museum staff.
Visitors can visit the museum on their own or take part in guided tours, including general, themed, interactive, dress-up, educational and theatrical tours. The exhibitions are comprehensive enough to satisfy the most detailed queries on any period of the modern and contemporary history of Russia. Numerous tangible historical monuments can be found in the themed exhibition rooms: furniture, household items, arts and crafts, books, documents, weapons and military awards, personal possessions of famous people, and so on. There are exhibitions dedicated to the revolution and its leaders, the history and heroes of the Great Patriotic War, and various landmarks of Russian history including Perestroikaa political movement for reformation within the Communist Party of the Soviet Union during the 1980s until 1991.
Exhibits to pay particular attention to include Marshal Rokossovskyone of the most prominent commanders of World War II, especially renowned for his planning and executing of Operation Bagration’s military uniform, Yuri Gagarin’s coat, Nikita Khrushchev’s personal belongings, foreign delegations’ gifts to Joseph Stalin, Leonid Brezhnev and Mikhail Gorbachev, items from officials and statesmen’s studies, personal possessions of famous actors, writers, astronauts and scientists. In the military exhibition rooms, you can touch gun barrels and even try aiming a gun.
There are dedicated tours for children, as well as interactive competitions and quizzes. Themed exhibitions include Present-Day Russia: The HabitatRussian: Aktualnaya Rossiya: sreda obitaniya or Актуальная Россия: среда обитания, Alexander Oleshko’s New Year CollectionRussian: Novogodnyaya kollektsiya Aleksandra Oleshko or Новогодняя коллекция Александра Олешко
, Crimea as Seen by Russian ArtistsRussian: Obraz Kryma v tvorchestve russkikh khudozhnikov or Образ Крыма в творчестве русских художников, etc. There are rest areas in every exhibition room. Supplementary services include a retail shop, training programs, and tourist excursions around Moscow’s historical landmarks.