The Tchaikovsky Concert HallRussian: Konczertny zal imeni P.I. Chaikovskogo or Концертный зал имени П.И. Чайковского is one of the largest halls in Moscow, seating 1505 people. This is the main venue of the Moscow Academic Philharmonic, where music pieces by Russian and foreign composers of different epochs are played, giving the audience an insight into the way music developed throughout history. The diversity of genres is impressive, too; from classical symphonies to jazz music, to performances of folk music groups to concert performances of opera arias. Its historical interiors and acoustic elements have been restored in recent years, which makes a visit to this architercturally unique place particularly interesting.
THE REPERTOIRE OF THE CONCERT HALL
The repertoire of the P.I. Tchaikovsky concert hall embraces the widest audience: some concerts give an insight into the famous composers’ work, others help to discover some less known names. Concerts are conducted nearly every day. They usually start at 7 p.m. Occasional concerts are played on Saturdays and Sundays: for example, matinées for children (starting at 2 or 3 p.m.), as well as night plays as part of a special programme (starting at 11 p.m.). Please bear in mind that nearly every concert is part of a certain season subscription series, although it is possible to buy a ticket for a particular concert if there are seats available. Tickets can be booked either in advance or purchased on the day of the event – as a rule, there are some tickets available even just before the start of a concert (except for some key events on the musical scene, for example, a concert of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra).
These days, the number of annual festivals is increasing: The Big Festival of the National Philharmonic Orchestra of RussiaRussian: Bolshoy festival Rossiyskogo natsionalnogo orkestra or Большой фестиваль Российского национального оркестра, Guitar VirtuosiRussian: Virtuozy gitary or Виртуозы гитары, The Nine Centuries of Pipe OrganRussian: Devyat vekov organa or Девять веков органа, and others are among them. Both Russian and foreign musicians play in the concerts. Events for young audiences are also held at the P. Tchaikovsky Hall, e.g. series like What Is MusicRussian: Instrumenty rasskazyvaut or Инструменты рассказывают, Big Music for Little PeopleRussian: Uchimsya slushat muzyku or Учимся слушать музыку, Fairy Tales with the OrchestraRussian: Skazki s orkestrom or Сказки с оркестром and Popular Music EncyclopediaRussian: Muzykalnaya entsiklopediya ot A do Ya or Музыкальная энциклопедия от А до Я. A lecture course is conducted in the form of lessons which consist of a presenter’s narration and performance of an extract from or a complete music piece. Subscription series for adults also include such “interactive” concerts (e.g. Tretyakov GalleryRussian: Tretiakovskaya galereya or Третьяковская галерея; Music, Art, LifeRussian: Muzyka. zhivopis. zhizn or Музыка, живопись, жизнь). These series take the form of lectures accompanied by a display of photos of significant paintings and showing the interaction between two types of art – painting and music.
PECULIARITIES OF THE HALL ARCHITECTURE
The history of construction of the concert hall building is remarkable. The modern-day intersection of Tverskaya streetRussian: Tverskaya ulitsa or Тверская улица and the Garden RingRussian: Sadovoe koltso or Садовое кольцо has always been an “artistic corner”. In the early 1920s V. Meyerholdthe creator of the actor's system known as "biomechanics", a director and theatrical performance reformer, made a decision to re-equip the old, inconveniently built theatre in order to be able to implement his creative ideas. Even today, this project is revolutionary. The pivot of the theatre was an elliptical hall and the stage was formed by two ovals which could be lowered and raised. From three sides, there are spectators’ seats, patterned in a way that echoes classical ancient Greek theatre. In this way, the onstage action could be perceived by spectators from different perspectives. In addition to this, a decision was made to eliminate the stalls for the “elite audience” such as the stage box, the orchestra pit, the side-scenes, and the curtain – these are essential elements of most theatres however the Tchaikovsky Concert Hall takes a more egalitarian approach. Eventually, a new “mass” “rank-free” democratic theatre was meant to emerge, so open to the audience that the doors from the dressing rooms led right to the stage. Moreover, with the transparency of space in the hall and by means of using day light (a glazed ceiling) and numerous exits (there are 9 of them today) the hall provided an opportunity to stage “mass rally performances” with marches and even cars on the stage. Additional facilities and services were conceived, too – seat back ventilation and a beverage service in case of long-lasting performances without intervals.
Sadly, in the late 1930s, in the fervor of Stalin’s reprisals, Meyerhold was arrested, the theatre was closed down, and the building was passed over to the Tchaikovsky Moscow ConservatoryRussian: Moskovskaya konservatoriya or Московская консерватория. Nevertheless, architects D. Chechulin and K. Orlov, who finalised the exterior of the building, made the final finishing touches which comprised of the most stunning elements from their predecessors’ projects: a ten-column portico and a decorative lozenge-shaped design. Its overall design looks complete and unified, while the use of twin windows, recessed balconies, and the design mosaic on the facade as a reference to the famous Doge’s Palace in Venice. The hall is convenient for the audience – there is a spacious theatre lobby, a big canteen with numerous brightly coloured decorative elements, and a convenient layout.© 2016-2018 moscovery.com